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Manufacturing & Engineering

Because the manufacturing & engineering sector covers such a wide range of industries, employees’ risk exposure varies greatly.

Employers carry the responsibility to balance operational efficiency with employee safety, and occupational health medicals must form part of their human resources management.

There are many dangers inherent in the manufacturing and engineering setting. For example, physical hazards include but are not limited to:

hand-arm and whole-body vibration
electromagnetic radiation (electricity and X-ray)
airborne and omnipresent chemical exposure (cement, wood, dust)
exposure to thinners and solvents used in glues or paints
exposure to harmful toxic substances
chemical contact
exposure to hot parts
Medicals in Engineering

All these could have specific or general health effects that need to be monitored and assessed on a regular basis to ensure the employee’s medical fitness for work.

Typical health effects in the manufacturing & engineering sector include but are not limited to:

skin and eye irritation
allergic reactions of the respiratory tract
nausea due to exposure to odours
injuries and fractures
fatigue and thermal exhaustion

Depending on the risk exposure, we would recommend a full medical with biological monitoring and X-rays where needed in order to:

Determine whether the employee is physically and mentally fit to do the work.
Identify medical conditions that may render employees temporarily or permanently unable to perform their duties.
Determine whether the employee’s current health status may affect risks and safety at work for both the employee and other workers.
Issue recommendations to the employer on the necessary actions to protect and maintain the health of employees.
Did you know?
A medical certificate of fitness issued by the occupational medical practitioner, having established medical facts in person, is a truthful and legal document confirming fitness to work, or conditions, restrictions or the lack of fitness. If the practitioner did not personally perform the medical examination and assessment, he or she is committing an offence and the certificate is not valid. All our doctors and nurses are certified occupational health and safety practitioners. Our medical services are wide-ranging and include audio and visual screening, urine and blood testing, chest X-rays, lung function testing and biological monitoring.

We also service industries such as:

Transport, logistics and warehousing
Agriculture, including chicken and wine farms and abattoirs
Cleaning, hygiene and recycling


01. What is biological monitoring?
Biological monitoring identifies potential chemical intoxication (for example by testing the lead levels in blood) or may identify potential health effects on exposed employees (for example by testing the red blood pigment in lead-exposed employees who are at risk of developing blood cell abnormalities due to lead intoxication).
02. How often should employees undergo a medical examination?
We recommend a pre-employment examination prior to risk exposure, periodical/annual examinations during times of risk exposure, and an exit examination when an employee is leaving a risk area. For employees in this sector such examinations would include an audiogram for noise, and lung function testing and chest X-ray for those exposed to airborne pollutants.
03. What regulatory compliance is expected of employers in the manufacturing & engineering sector?
Depending on the nature of their business, employers in this sector would have to adhere to the Environmental Regulations of Workplaces, Asbestos Regulations, Hazardous Biological Agents Regulations, Hazardous Chemical Substances Regulations and the Driven Machinery Regulations, to name a few.

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